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“生病了” 的 25种说法,看看你会哪几种?

已有 215 次阅读2012-3-14 23:31 | 知道英文, remember, childhood,

  近寒流来袭、天气变化很大,很多朋友都生病了,但是此“生病”非彼“生病”,这里面的学问可大了,你知道英文里描述“生病”有25种说法吗?


  1. have:表示“生病”,后常跟表示疾病的名词,是最通俗的说法,多用于口语。

  例句:As I remember, my brother and sister both had severe asthmatic attacks in the childhood.
                      我记得,我弟弟和妹妹小时候都得过严重的哮喘病。

  2. take/catch:均可表示“生病”,且含有“感染”之意。美国人多用take,英国人多用catch。

  例句:Mary takes cold easily. 玛丽易患感冒。
                  Towards the end of the year, his son caught scarlet fever. 快到年底的时候他儿子得了腥红热。

  3. contract:较正式的“生病”用语,常用于书面语。

  例句:The patient may contract acute bacterial peritonitis, in which case a surgical intervention should be considered.
                     该病人可能患有急性细菌性腹膜炎,在这种情况下就得考虑手术处理。

  4. get:常作“生病”讲,后接表示疾病的名词。

  例句:I think she’s got epidemic meningitis.  我怀疑她得了流行性脑膜炎。

  5. suffer from:常用来表示“患病”,后接疾病名词,多用于医生与病人的交谈之中。

  例句:Is there anybody in your family who has suffered from the same eye disease as you?
                     你家中还有没有人得过跟你一样的眼病?

  6. (be) ill with:如表示“患……病”的时候后面须跟with,多见于英式英语。

  例句:The patient is ill with influenza.  病人患流行性感冒。

  7. (be) sick with:多用于美式英语,与be ill with可以相互替换,但sick with不能改为sick of。

  例句:The doctor told me that I was sick(ill) with hypertension.  医生说我患有高血压。

  8. fall ill(sick) with; fall ill(sick):表示“患……病”时,后面须加with。

  例句:Jackie fell ill with a fever last week and has been in bed ever since.   杰基上星期发烧,一直躺在床上。

  9. be seized with:一般表示“突然患……病”。

  例句:The patient was seized with apoplexy yesterday afternoon.   病人昨天下午忽患中风。

  10. be attacked with:基本意是“为……疾病所侵袭”,常译成“患……病”。

  例句:Attacked with acute myocardial infraction, the patient was warded for a week in hospital.
                     病人患急性心肌梗塞后,在医院里监护了一个星期。

  11. be troubled with:意为“患……病”。

  例句:The patient troubled with constipation should have enough sleep, regular time for meal and proper mastication of food.   便秘病人应有足够的睡眠,进食定时,对于食物要细嚼慢咽。

  12. be vulnerable to:一般常用来表示“易患……病”。

  例句:Fibres from the macular region of the retina are particularly vulnerable to inflammation.
                    视网膜斑区的纤维特别易患炎症。

  13. expose...to (be exposed to):以为“使……易患……病”,“易患……病”。

  例句: An attack of fever weakens a child and exposes it to all kinds of infections.  发烧使患儿虚弱,易患各种感染。

  When having cold, children are exposed to pneumonia.  孩子感冒时易患肺炎。

    14. suspect...of:一般表示“怀疑……患……病”。

  例句:On examination the patient was suspected of carcinoma of the cecum.   经检查,怀疑病人患盲肠癌。

  15. fall (a) victim to: 其基本意为“成为……的牺牲品”,常可用来表示“患……病”。

  例句:The longer a person has smoked, the greater becomes his liability to fall a victim to long cancer.
                    一个人吸烟的时间越长,患肺癌的可能性就越大。

  16. Be (come) down with/be taken down with:意为“患……病而病倒”。

  例句:After being in the rain, Tom came down with a bad cold.  在外淋雨后,汤姆患重感冒病倒了。

  17. be stricken (down) with; be stricken with:意为“为……疾病所侵袭”或“患……病”。

  例句:She was stricken with fever yesterday.   她昨天发烧了。

  18. be afflicted with:其基本意为“为……病所折磨”,常用来表达“患……病”,其特征是,不仅表示患病的开始,还表示患病过程中所受之苦,特别是精神上的痛苦。

  例句:For many years Harold was afflicted with edematous laryngitis.   哈德罗患水肿性喉炎多年了。

  19. be affected with (by):一般用来表示“患……病”或“被……感染”。

  例句:Both the lungs are affected by the infection.   两肺均已被感染。

  20. be infected with:意为“被……所感染”,“被……所侵袭”,可译成“患……病”。

  例句:On necropsy the patient was found to have been infected with tuberculosis as well.  尸检发现病人还患过结核病。

  21. be laid up with:一般用来表示“患……病而卧床”或“卧病在床”。

  Daniel was laid up for nearly a month with chronic appendicitis.   丹尼尔患慢性阑尾炎卧床近一个月。

  22. be pulled down by:意为“患……病而病倒”。

  例句:Mozart was pulled down by anaphylactoid shock suddenly at 3 yesterday afternoon.
                    莫扎特昨天下午三点多患过敏性休克而病倒。

  23. be confined to bed with:意为“患……病而卧床”或“卧病在床”。

  例句:His wife was confined to bed with pyogenic osteomyelitis.   他妻子因患化脓性骨髓炎而卧病在床。

  24. be bedridden with:“患……病而卧床”。

  例句:Preston is bedridden with rheumatic heart disease, and the doctor fear he will soon be no more.
                    普雷斯顿因患风湿心脏病卧床不起,医生们担心他生命垂危。

  25. be in bed with:意为“患……病而卧床”。

  例句:Maxwell is in bed with pulmonary emphysema.   麦克斯韦因患肺气肿而卧床。


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